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Policy Manager Open RESTful API Specification - FIWARE Forge Wiki

Policy Manager Open RESTful API Specification

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Contents

Introduction to the PMI Policy API

Please check the FI-WARE Open Specifications Legal Notice to understand the rights to use FI-WARE Open Specifications.

PMI Policy API

The PMI Policy API is a RESTful, resource-oriented API accessed via HTTP/HTTPS that uses JSON-based representations for information interchange that provide functionalities to the Policy Manager GE. This document describes the FI-WARE-specific features extension, which allows cloud user to extend the basic functionalities offered by Policy Manager GE in order to cope with elasticity management.

Intended Audience

This specification is intended for both software developers and Cloud Providers. For the former, this document provides a full specification of how to interoperate with Cloud Platforms that implements PMI API. For the latter, this specification indicates the interface to be provided in order to create policies and actions associated the facts received from cloud resources (currently associated to servers but not only oriented to them). To use this information, the reader should first have a general understanding of the Policy Manager Generic Enabler and also be familiar with:


API Change History

This version of the PMI Policy API Guide replaces and obsoletes all previous versions. The most recent changes are described in the table below:

Revision Date Changes Summary
Oct 17, 2012
  • First version of the PMI Policy API.


How to Read This Document

In the whole document the assumption is taken that the reader is familiarized with REST architecture style. Along the document, some special notations are applied to differentiate some special words or concepts. The following list summarizes these special notations.

  • A bold, mono-spaced font is used to represent code or logical entities, e.g., HTTP method (GET, PUT, POST, DELETE).
  • An italic font is used to represent document titles or some other kind of special text, e.g., URI.
  • The variables are represented between brackets, e.g. {id} and in italic font. When the reader find it, can change it by any value.

For a description of some terms used along this document, see [1].

Additional Resources

You can download the most current version of this document from the FI-WARE API specification selecting PDF Version from the Toolbox menu (left side), which will generate the file to download it. For more details about the Policy Manager that this API is based upon, please refer to FI-WARE Cloud Hosting.

General PMI Policy API Information

Resources Summary

A graphical diagram, including the different Uniform Resource Names (URNs) that can be used in the API, is shown here. The URL is http://{serverRoot}:{serverPort}.


Policy Manager Open RESTful API resource summary

Authentication

Each HTTP request against the PMI requires the inclusion of specific authentication credentials. The specific implementation of this API supports OAuth v2.0 authentication schemes and will be determined by the specific provider that implements this GE and Interface. Please contact with it to determine the best way to authenticate against this API. Remember that some authentication schemes may require that the API operate using SSL over HTTP (HTTPS).

Representation Format

The PMI Policy API resources are represented by hypertext that allows each resource to reference other related resources. More concisely, JSON format are used for resource representation and URLs are used for referencing other resources by default. The request format is specified using the Content-Type header and is required for operations that have a request body. The response format can be specified in requests using either the Accept header with values application/json or adding a .json extension to the request URI. In the following examples we can see the different options in order to represent format.


POST /v1.0/d3fdddc6324c439780a6fd963a9fa148/servers/15520fa6dc914f97bd1e54f8e1444d41 HTTP/1.1
Host: servers.api.openstack.org
Content-Type: application/json
Accept: application/json
X-Auth-Token: eaaafd18-0fed-4b3a-81b4-663c99ec1cbb


POST /v1.0/d3fdddc6324c439780a6fd963a9fa148/servers/15520fa6dc914f97bd1e54f8e1444d41.json HTTP/1.1
Host: servers.api.openstack.org
Content-Type: application/json
X-Auth-Token: eaaafd18-0fed-4b3a-81b4-663c99ec1cbb


Representation Transport

Resource representation is transmitted between client and server by using HTTP 1.1 protocol, as defined by IETF RFC-2616. Each time an HTTP request contains payload, a Content-Type header shall be used to specify the MIME type of wrapped representation. In addition, both client and server may use as many HTTP headers as they consider necessary.


Resource Identification

API consumer must indicate the resource identifier while invoking a GET, PUT, POST or DELETE operation. PMI Policy API combines both identification and location by terms of URL. Each invocation provides the URL of the target resource along the verb and any required input data. That URL is used to identify unambiguously the resource. For HTTP transport, this is made using the mechanisms described by HTTP protocol specification as defined by IETF RFC-2616.

PMI Policy API does not enforce any determined URL pattern to identify its resources. Anyway the SM Policy API follows the HATEOAS principle (Hypermedia As The Engine Of Application State). This means that resource representation contains the URLs of the related resources (e.g., book representation contains hyperlinks to its chapters; chapter representation contains hyperlinks to its pages...). API consumer obtains the server representation as its following point, which in turn provides hyperlinks that directly or indirectly take to other resources like scalability rules.

Some PMI Policy API entities provide an instance identifier property (instance ID). This property is used to identify unambiguously the entity but not the REST resource used to manage it, which is identified by its URL as described above. It is common that most implementations make use of instance ID to compose the URL (e.g., the book with instance ID 1492 could be represented by resource http://.../book/1492), but such an assumption should not be taken by API consumer to obtain the resource URL from its instance ID.


Links and References

Resources often lead to refer to other resources. In those cases, we have to provide an ID or an URL to a remote resource. see OpenStack Compute Developer Guide on their application to infrastructural resources.


Limits

n.a.


Rate Limits

n.a.


Absolute Limits

n.a.


Determining Limits Programmatically

n.a.


Versions

This section shows the version of this API. You can see the historical change of the API at the beginning of this document. Currently, the version of this API is the 1.1.0.

Extensions

n.a.

Faults

n.a.

API Operations

In this section we go in depth for each operation. These operations were described in the Policy Manager Architectural description. The FI-WARE programmer guide will also provide examples of how to use this API. The specify operations of this extensions are related to the management of scalability rules.


General Operations

This section has the general operations related to this service.


Get the information of the API

Verb URI Description
GET /{tenantId}/ Get information about this current API.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation does not require a request body and lists the information of the current version of the API. The following examples show a JSON response for the API operation:

Response:

 {
     "owner": "TELEFONICA I+D",
     "windowsize": <windows_size>,
     "version": "<API_version>",
     "runningfrom": "<last_launch_date>
     "doc": "<URL_DOCUMENTATION>"
 }

The descriptions of the returned values are the following:

  • owner is the key whose value is the company name that develops this API. Its value is fixed to "Telefonica I+D".
  • windowsize is the key that represents the window size (<windows_size>) to stabilize the values of the measures probes to checking rules and taking actions. This value is very important due to allow resolving false positives that could launch the action to scaling up and down a server.
  • version is the key whose value is the version (<API_version>) of the API currently in execution.
  • runningfrom is the key whose value is the date of the last launch (<last_launch_date>) of the service. This value takes the ISO 8601 an example of this value 2013-10-04 20:32:17.
  • doc is the key whose value is the link to this API specification.

Update the window size

Verb URI Description
PUT /{tenantId}/ Update the window size of the service.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This call updates the window size of the service in order to change the stabilization window size to be applied to the monitoring data received from the Monitoring GE. The request is in JSON format and the response has no body.

Request:

 {
     "windowsize": <windows_size>
 }

Where windowsize is the key whose value is the size of the windows to stabilized the values of the measures probes to checking rules and taking actions. This value is very important due to allow resolving false values that could launch the action to scaling up and down a server.

Response:

 {
     "windowsize": <windows_size>
 }

Servers

This section has the operations related to the subscription to the platform together with the rules associated to the servers to be analyzed by the rules engine.


Get the list of all servers' rules

Verb URI Description
GET /{tenantId}/servers Get the list of all servers registered in the platform.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

Returns a list of servers with their rules. There is no body in the request and the response is the following one:

Response:

 {
     "servers": [
          {
              "serverId": "<serverId>",
              "rules": [
                 {
                      "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
                      "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
                      "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
                 },
                 {
                      "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
                      "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
                      "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
                 }
              ]
          },
          {
              "serverId": "<serverId>",
              "rules": [
                 {
                      "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
                      "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
                      "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
                 },
                 {
                      "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
                      "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
                      "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
                 }
              ]
          }
      ]
 }

The values that you receive are the following:

  • serverId is the key whose value specifies the server ID in the URI, following the OpenStack ID format. An example of it is the id 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6af67565.
  • condition is the key whose value is the description of the scalability rule associated to this server. It could be one or more than one and the format of this rule is the following:
  • action is the key whose value represents the action to take over the server. Its values are up and down.
  • ruleId is the key that represents the id of the rule, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).


Get the list of all rules of a server

Verb URI Description
GET /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId} Get all rules related to specified server.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation returns the list of elasticity rules associated with a server identified with its {serverId}. This operation does not require a body and the response is in JSON format.

Response:

 {
      "serverId": "<serverId>",
      "rules": [
                 {
                      "name": <NAME>,
                      "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
                      "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
                      "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
                 },
                 {
                      "name": <NAME>,
                      "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
                      "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
                      "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
                 }
      ]
 }

The values that you receive are the following:

  • serverId is the key whose value specifies the server ID in the URI, following the OpenStack ID format. An example of it is the id 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6af67565.
  • condition is the key whose value is the description of the scalability rule associated to this server. It could be one or more than one and the format of this rule is the following:
  • action is the key whose value represents the action to take over the server. Its values are up and down.
  • ruleId is the key that represents the id of the rule, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).

Update the context of a server

Verb URI Description
POST /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId} Update Context of a specific server.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation updates the context related to a specific server, identified with its serverId. The context information contains the description of the CPU, Memory, Disk and/or Network usages. This message follows the NGSI-10 information model but using JSON format and the response has no body.

Request:

{
	"subscriptionId": "<SubscriptionId>",
	"originator": "http://localhost/test",
	"contextResponses": [
		{
			"contextElement": {
				"type": "Server",
				"isPattern": "false",
				"id": "<ServerId>",
				"attributes": [
					{
						"name": "CPU",
						"type": "Probe",
						"value": "0.75",
					},
					{
						"name": "Memory",
						"type": "Probe",
						"value": "0.83",
					},
					{
						"name": "Disk",
						"type": "Probe",
						"value": "0.83",
					},
					{
						"name": "Network",
						"type": "Probe",
						"value": "0.83",
					}
				],
			},
			"statusCode": {
				"code": "200",
				"reasonPhrase": "Ok",
				"details": "a message"
			}
		}
	]
}

The values that you receive are the following:

  • SubscriptionId, is the identifier of a subscription process following the id schemas of OpenStack.
  • type, is the element type, in our case, it is always "Server".
  • isPattern, is used to define some type of pattern in order to search the information in the list of attributes. In our case, this attribute is not used and is always fixed to "false".
  • id, is the id of a server, the same id of ServerId of OpenStack.
  • attributes, this is a list of attributes:
    • type is the type of attribute, for our case, this key has always the value "Probe".
    • value, is the value of the attribute expressed in percentage.
    • name is the name of the attribute. In our case, this key takes one of the following values:
      • CPU, amount of used CPU of a server.
      • Memory, amount of used Memory of the same server.
      • Disk, amount of used disk (HDD) of the same server.
      • Network, amount of used network interface of the same server.
  • statusCode, in NGSI-10 this key shows the information that the system should return when it receives this message. Currently, our implementation does not take into consideration this information but have to be defined following the standard. Its values are always the same in that case how you can see in the previous example.

Elasticity rules

Create a new elasticity rule

Verb URI Description
POST /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/rules Create a new rule associated to the server.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation creates a new elasticity rules associated to a server, which is identified by {serverId}. The request specifies the rule to be activated and the action associated to it (increase or decrease the number of servers). The response returns a 200 Ok message together with the id of the new rule created.

Request:

 {
    "name": <NAME>,
    "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
    "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>
 }

The values that you receive are the following:

  • name is the key whose value represents the name of the rule.
  • condition is the key whose value is the description of the scalability rule associated to this server. It could be one or more than one and the format of this rule is the following:
  • action is the key whose value represents the action to take over the server. Its values are up and down.


Response:

 {
    "serverId": <serverId>,
    "ruleId": <RULE_ID>
 }

The values that you receive are the following:

  • serverId is the key whose value specifies the server ID in the URI, following the OpenStack ID format. An example of it is the id 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6af67565.
  • ruleId is the key that represents the id of the rule, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).

Update an elasticity rule

Verb URI Description
PUT /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/rules/{ruleId} Update an elasticity rule.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation allows to update the rule condition, the action or both or a specific server identified by its {serverId} and a specific rule identified by its {ruleId}. This operation requires a request context and the response has no body on it.

Request:

{
    "name": <NAME>,
    "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
    "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>
 }

Where:

  • name is the key whose value represents the name of the rule.
  • condition is the key whose value is the description of the scalability rule associated to this server. It could be one or more than one and the format of this rule is the following:
  • action is the key whose value represents the action to take over the server. Its values are up and down.

Response:

{
    "name": <NAME>,
    "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
    "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>
 }

Delete an elasticity rule

Verb URI Description
DELETE /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/rules/{ruleId} Delete an elasticity rule.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation deletes a specific rule, identified by its {ruleId}, within a server, identified by its {serverId}. This operation does not require a request body and response body. The response is a 200 Ok if it was deleted without any problem or error message in other case.


Get an elasticity rule

Verb URI Description
GET /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/rules/{ruleId} Get an elasticity rule.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation gets a specific rule, identified by its {ruleId}, within a server, identified by its {serverId}. This operation does not require a request body and response body is in JSON format.

Response:

 {
    "name": <NAME>,
    "condition": <CONDITION_DESCRIPTION>,
    "action": <ACTION_ON_SERVER>,
    "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
 }

Where:

  • name is the key whose value represents the name of the rule.
  • condition is the key whose value is the description of the scalability rule associated to this server. It could be one or more than one and the format of this rule is the following:
  • action is the key whose value represents the action to take over the server. Its values are up and down.
  • ruleId is the key that represents the id of the rule, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).

Subscription to rules

Create a new subscription

Verb URI Description
POST /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/subscription/ Create a new subscription for the server.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation creates a new subcription rules associated to a rule, which is identified by {ruleId}. The request specifies the rule to be activated and the action associated to it (increase or decrease the number of servers). The response returns a 200 Ok message together with the id of the new subscription created.

Request:

 {
    "ruleId": <RULE_ID>,
    "url": <URL_TO_NOTIFY>,
 }

The values that you receive are the following:

  • ruleId is the key whose value identifies the rule associated to this server.
  • url is the key whose value is the url to notify the action when the rule is fired.

Response:

 {
    "subscriptionId": <SUBSCRIPTION_ID>
 }

The values that you receive are the following:

  • subscriptionId is the key that represents the id of the subscription, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).

Delete a subscription

Verb URI Description
DELETE /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/subscription/{subscriptionId} Delete a subscription.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation deletes a subscription, identified by its {subscriptionId}, within a server, identified by its {serverId}. This operation does not require a request body and response body. The response is a 200 Ok if it was deleted without any problem or error message in other case.

Get a subscription

Verb URI Description
GET /{tenantId}/servers/{serverId}/subscription/subscriptionId} Get a subscription.


Normal Response Code(s): 200 (Ok)

Error Response Code(s): identityFault (400, 500, …), badRequest (400), unauthorized (401), forbidden (403), badMethod (405), serviceUnavailable (503)

This operation gets a subscription, identified by its {subscriptionId}, within a server, identified by its {serverId}. This operation does not require a request body and response body is in JSON format.

Response:

 {
    "subscriptionId": <SUBSCRIPTION_ID>,
    "url": <URL_TO_NOTIFY>,
    "serverId": <SERVER_ID>,
    "ruleId": "<RULE_ID>"      
 }

Where:

  • subscriptionId is the key that represents the id of the subscription, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).
  • url is the key whose value is the url to notify the action when the rule is fired.
  • serverId is the key whose value specifies the server ID in the URI, following the OpenStack ID format. An example of it is the id 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6af67565.
  • ruleId is the key that represents the id of the rule, following the OpenStack Id format (e.g. 52415800-8b69-11e0-9b19-734f6f006e54).

Elasticity Rules

In this section we explain how it is represented an elasticity rule.

Rules Engine

Rules are described using JSON, and contain information about CPU and Memory usage, in first instance.

Example Rule

The rule is compound of three parts, name, conditions and actions. In this case, the name will be "AlertCPU"

Every fact is like "(server (server-id 12345-abcd)(cpu 50)(mem 33))"

In this case, the condition defined expects all server with cpu usage more than 98.3

Actions will create an HTTP POST notification to an url specified on every subscription to this rule. In this case the notification will be that server should be scaled up because CPU usage is greater than limit.

This is the rule as is expected to:

{
    "action": {
          "actionName": "notify-scale",
          "operation": "scaleUp"
    }, 
    "name": "AlertCPU", 
    "condition": {
           "cpu": {
                  "value": 98.3,
                  "operand": "greater"
           },
           "mem": {
                  "value": 95,
                  "operand": "greater equal"
           }
   }
}
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